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Activities for Young or Multi-Disabled Blind Children
1. Opening and closing doors
2. Carrying objects: one hand, two hands, large and light, small and heavy, etc.
3. Crawling (tunnels, over mats, mats on top of obstacles, up and down ramps, etc.)
4. Walking trips (over gravel, rocks, grass, sand, dirt, cement and blacktop, carpet, tile, over logs, up and down ramps, stairs, puddles, large boulders, logs, chains, etc.)
5. Examine and climb trees
6. Climbing (stairs, climbing equipment, boards, rolled mats, tables, benches, etc.). Climb up, down, across, on incline, decline, under, turn, etc.
7. Swings: Be pushed or twirled, on tummy and seated, push with hands and feet (if low enough), twirl, sit sideways (one foot on each side of swing, etc.)
8. Swing by hands and feet (swung by 2 adults)
9. Expose to wheel toys
10. Rocking horse, teeter-totter
11. Punch ball attached to wrist
12. Suspend balloon from ceiling so it touches student's head. Encourage play, tapping turning, holding
13. Various size and shape balloonsfeel, rub on face and hands, adult makes speech sounds or vibrations on balloon
14. Shopping bags or boxes to carry and empty objects out
15. Sit and twirl in a swivel chair
16. Tinker toys
17. Boxes to use as tunnels or to crawl through, feel all sides, poke fingers through a hole and grab someone's hand or talk to from outside box
18. Construct a balance beam from a long, 10-12 inch wide board, placing it on two very low supports and scoot, walk or straddle beam
19. Hang on a suspended rope swing
20. Roller skate or get a free ride on various types of wheel vehicles including a tricycle. Pull the vehicle with a rope, with student on it or doing the pulling
21. Mat work for simple balances. Place student on hands and knees, teacher sits and lifts student's legs one at a time, etc. Simple stuntsroll like a log, etc.
22. Ball skillsbouncing, twirling, kicking, rolling ball against a wall and catch, roll toward a sound (knock down target)
23. Sand or sandbox play (you can even use plastic particles or pebbles). Provide scoop, funnel, shovel, pail, cardboard rolls, milk carton, spoons, sifters, cans or jarsdemonstrate play
Manipulative Fun Toys
24. Toys: Old spinning tops (listen, feel it), Slinky, Jack in the Box, Fisher Price Peek-a-Boo, etc.
25. Dance movements to musicwalk sideways left and right, forward and backward, hold hands in a circle
26. Hop up and down
27. Hand puppets
28. Play with large blocks or cubes, foam, coffee cans with plastic lids, shoe boxes, paper cups, etc.
29. Inner tubes or tiresroll it, crawl through, walk on it, jump on or climb in, sit on, step in and out, line up several tires or tubes or tie together
30. Water playlarge basin or sink or small pool filled with water and a number of materials or toys: sponges, boats, rubber duckies. Wash items, including rubbing and squeezing.
31. Water pistol to squirt self or others, objects such as balloons or items that will make a sound when water strikes them, fill a cup, etc.
32. Wastebasket playtoss a ball or beanbag into it from one foot, two feet, etc.
33. Ring tossuse a large hoop or hula hoop, drop it on target, go through it
34. Wagon playfill it up, empty it, get pulled, pull it, ride on it, push it with one leg
35. Make a ball out of newspaper
36. Using various climbing equipment or obstaclesteach up, down forward, backward, sideways, left, right, around over, under, on top of, underneath, behind, in front of, between, in and out
37. Play "find the missing objects"crawl around and find them all over floor, locate hidden objects
38. Smell and feel shaving cream, clay, whipped cream, krazy foam, silly string
39. Body lotion, powders, etc.
41. Examine and identify textures of food and articles
42. Examine and identify scents of food and articles
1. Use of knock-down clown type object. Place next to student, tap or move it against body, encouraging grasping and knocking
2. Suspend a balloon or beach ball with string and tape and sway it back and forth, against face, tap it, rub it, encourage student to do the same. Possibly insert rice or other small sound-making item in balloon or beachball. Turn it, hold it and make speech sounds or vibrations, rub it on face and hands. Small bells can be attached to the string.
3. Suspend a bell or string of bells. Try to stimulate a reaction to the sound.
4. Bounce or roll beach ball past student or at student, or use soft bell ball
5. Open or close doors with student
6. Carry or hold objects, one hand or two, vary size and weight
7. Crawling and climbing. Roll up a mat, put student on it, under it. If needed, help student moveroll off, get on, get out, climb over, etc.
8. Walking trips (over gravel, rocks, grass, sand, dirt, cement and blacktop, carpet, tile, over logs, up and down ramps, stairs, puddles, large boulders, logs, chains, etc.)
9. Examine trees, shrubs, stairs, tables, benches, play equipment. Encourage moving around by self, encourage use of exploring and trailing with hands.
10. Expose to wheel toys or toys that roll and have movable parts.
11. Attach punch balloon with elastic to wrist or ankle.
12. Expose to rocking horse, teeter-totter, tumble about (even if only one hand is on it).
13. Sit and twirl in swivel chair or sit/lie down on a wheeled vehicle and be pulled, pushed, etc. Include a 3-wheel vehicle if possible.
14. Shopping bags and boxesfill up with items and take out.
15. Mat workplace student on hands and knees, teacher sits and lifts student's legs one at a time, etc. Simple stuntsroll like a log, etc.
16. Tinker toy playconstruct your own with milk cartons, wooden spools rolled up with newspaper balls, etc.
17. Clubhouse boxwith a big cardboard box, crawl through it or sit in it, feel the sides, poke fingers through the hole and grab a finger, talk to from outside the box
18. Balance beam activities
A regular low balance beam or a long narrow 6-12 inch wide rectangular board supported by two bases, probably several inches high.
and backward placing one foot in front of the other
19. Play with an inner tube or tirewalk on it, step in it and out, sit in it, tie it to anything and crawl through, make a tire swing (several inches off the ground and lie on it with tummy
20. Encourage rolling, patting, spinning or just examining a ball
21. Encourage sand box play to teach use of hands, shoveling, scooping, etc.
22. Toysold spinning tops (listen, feel it), Slinky, Jack in the Box, Fisher Price Peek-a-Boo, etc.
23. Water playlarge basin or sink or small pool filled with water and a number of materials or toys: sponges, boats, rubber duckies. Wash items, including rubbing and squeezing.
24. Water pistol to squirt self or others, objects such as balloons or items that will make a sound when water strikes them, fill a cup, etc.
25. Play "find the missing objects"crawl around and find them all over floor, locate hidden objects
26. Smell and feel shave cream, clay, whipped cream, krazy foam, silly string
27. Body lotion, powders, etc.
28. Bubbles: Feel, break, follow
29. Examine and identify textures of food and articles
30. Examine and identify scents of food and articles
31. To musicencourage movement of body parts in many combinations
32. Place student on any possible moving apparatus from a hammock to a rocking chair and provide movement
33. Pushingpush crumbs, anything with hand, off table and into a container
34. Lick a lollipop
35. Blow a candle, paper strips or balloon tied to a string
36. Provide as many new experiences and toys as possible
37. Encourage as much movement in relation to obstacles as possible. Use verbal terms to left and right, sideways, around, over, under, on top of, go in, sit in, sit under, etc.
If needed, provide sound by tapping or any other means to assist or motivate in climbing or moving or finding object to catch, grab, strike, kick, push or throw to a person or object.
Site design: Sarah Smith